District Profile

The Headquarters of the district is at Alappuzha.  The district is divided into two revenue divisions:  Alappuzha and Chengannur.  These two divisions are further divided into 6 taluks viz., Cherthala, Ambalappuzha, Kuttanadu, Karthikappally, Chengannur and Mavelikkara and they are further sub-divided into 91 villages.  The district has five municipalities viz., Alappuzha, Chengannur, Kayamkulam, Mavelikkara and Cherthala.  For implementing the various development activities, the district is divided into 12 Community Development Block.  Alappuzha come into being as a district in the political map of Kerala on 17th august 1957. Before the formation of the district, a major part of the area was in Kollam District and the rest in Kottayam district.  Alappuzha district stands foremost among the district of Kerala with regard to the density of population and is the smallest among the 14 districts in Kerala.  Kuttanadu, the rice bowl of Kerala is in the district.  It is also the most important centre in the state for Coir industry.

Alappuzha is the smallest district of Kerala having :

Ø  Area : 1,414 Sq.Km. which constitutes 3.64% of the total state area.

Ø  Population: 21,09,160 persons, ranks the 9th among the districts in population.

Ø  Population density: 1492 persons per Sq.Km, against 1415 in 1991- retains the first position in the state.

Ø  Sex-ratio (No. of females per 1000 males) : 1079 , earning 4th position (5th position in 1991 with 1051)

Ø  Literacy Rate : 93.4 % which earns it 3rd position in the state.

Ø  Female Literacy rate: 91.14 which again earns 3rd position in the state. (State Average-87.86%)

Ø  Work Participation rate :34.3 %, 6th position in the state

Ø  Female Work Participation :20.29 %

Ø  Scheduled Tribe Population :0.15 %

Ø  Scheduled Caste Population: 9.45 %

Ø  Main Workers: 75.6 %

Ø  Marginal Workers :24.4 %

Ø  Household industry Workers :7.2 % (2nd)

Community Development Blocks

Sl. No.

C.D. Block

No. of Panchayats

No. of Wards

Area in Sq. km.

1

Thycattussery

5

71

86.37

2

Kanjikyzshy

5

92

110

3

Pattanakkad

8

127

107

4

Aryad

3

61

62

5

Ambalappuzha

5

80

67.24

6

Champakkulam

6

81

151.40

7

Veliyanadu

6

75

117.24

8

Harippad

9

120

112.05

9

Bharanicavu

6

101

99.76

10

Muthukulam

7

106

129.91

11

Mavelikkara

4

75

87.78

12

Chengannur

9

123

128.80

 

 

73

1112

 

Special Features of Alappuzha

TOURISM

          Alappuzha is one of the most important tourist centres in the State.  With a large network of canals provide Alleppey its life line.  Alappuzha was one of the busiest centres of trade in the past with one of the best known ports along Malabar Coast.  Even today it retains its charm as the centre for coir carpet industries and prawn farming.

          Alappuzha is known for its spectacular Snake-boat races. Nehru Trophy Boat Race is a popular Vallam Kali in the Punnamada Lake held on the second Saturday of August every year is also well known for its number of participants. This boat race takes its name from India’s First Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, who inaugurated in 1952. It is an excitement all around as Snake boats, each manned by over a hundred oarsmen, cut through waters like wind.  The event is a tremendous success with tourists and local population alike.

          A structure of Buddha known as KarumadyKuttan can be seen at Karumady about 3 kilometres east of Ambalappuzha.  Tourists from various places come to Karumady for seeing the KarumadyKuttan.Krishnapuram Palace, the palace of Kayamkulam King preserved as an archaeological monument is the star attraction of the town.  This place is also famous for GahendraMoksham wall paintings.

          The Buddha  idol, Saradamandiram are the main attraction of Mavelikkara.  The Buddha Statute is in seated posture, resembling Padmasana.  A feature common to the idols is that hair has not been engraved on the head.  Studies by the Archaeology Department have not been able to explain the absence of hair which is common in Buddha statues of the Gandhara and Mathura tradition.  The head has markings resembling a head gear.  Though department has made a Pagoda like structure.  For the statue, no information on the idol is available to tourists who visit the area.  Local people in the area light lamps before the idol.  The idol at Mavelikara is 4 feet (1.2m.) high and is perhaps, the biggest.  The engravings on the head resemble a helmet of Greek statues.  The mark of a sacred thread is visible on the body.  Another feature is the marking of a shawl on one shoulder.  Here the Archaeological Department has put up a board specifying the age of the statute.  Saradamandiram was the residence of Keralapanini.

          Latest addition to Alappuzha is the ReviKarunakaran Memorial Museum featuring countless arts and artefacts. ReviKarunakaran was the architect of modern coir industry that still employs more than 500000 people in the state of Kerala.  The objects featured at the museum were collected by his family over three generations and features unique artistic pieces from all parts of the world.One night cruise on the Backwaters of Alappuzha is one of the most popular cruises offered.There are many interesting routes to cruise on the Backwaters of Alappuzha, each route is more enchanting than the other.Alappuzha to Alappuzha,Alappuzha to Kumarakom,Alappuzha to Kottayam.Alappuzha to Thottappally, Alappuzha to Mankotta,Alappuzha to Alumkadavu   are the main routes.