1. Sam Pitroda’s Ten Point Development Agenda
Shri.SamPitroda, Mentor of Kerala & Advisor to the then Prime Minister during his visit to Kerala on 25-01-2012 held a meeting with the Hon’ble Chief Minister and laid out ‘Ten Point Agenda’ for action. The ten projects are Coastal Waterways, Knowledge City, E-governance, Modernisation of Ayurveda, Waste Management, Modernisation of Traditional Industries, Skill Enhancement and Vocational Education, High Speed Rail Corridor, Effective Use of Services of Retired Officials and Health Insurance.
A Co-ordination Committee comprising of Vice Chairman (State Planning Board), Chief Secretary, Principal Secretary (Finance), Principal Secretary (Planning) and three representatives from Shri.Pitroda’s team was constituted to oversee the projects. The progress of projects is monitored periodically by the Hon’ble Chief Minister and the Vice Chairman, State Planning Board.
2. Expert Committee on Employment and Skill Development
State Planning Board had constituted in 2013, nine Expert Committees to make suggestions on how best the State could take advantage of central schemes during the Twelfth Five Year Plan. Perspective Planning Division was entrusted with the work of Expert Committee on Employment and Skill Development. This Expert Committee submitted its interim report to the State Planning Board at the end of 2013.
3. Consortium of Retired Experts for Development (CRED) (Under Mission 676 programme)
The Government had decided to set up a Company viz; ‘Consortium of Retired Experts for Development’ (CRED) for the effective use of Expertise of Retired Officials in Kerala under the Department of Planning and Economic Affairs. This is one of the ten projects identified under the ‘CM - Sam Pitroda initiatives’ for the development of Kerala. The proposed company is expected to provide a platform to mobilize and supply the expertise of the retired employees (anyone who is above the age of 56 years) for building capacity and delivering value added services to all development sectors and will provide the retired employees productive employment.
Now the State Planning Board has prepared the Memorandum of Association (MOA) and Articles of Association (AOA) documents of CRED and the proposal is under the consideration of the Government. Considering its importance the initiative has been included under the Mission 676 Days Programme of the Government.
4. Kerala Perspective Plan 2030
Government of Kerala has initiated an innovative step for the preparation of Perspective Plan for Kerala 2030. In this regard, a workshop was held on 23/01/2012 at Thiruvananthapuram with the joint chairmanship of Hon’ble Chief Minister and Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission. Based on the discussions in the workshop, an action plan has been prepared. A general consensus was emerged in the workshop that for preparing a credible and well informed Perspective Plan the technical support of an agency which has considerable expertise in this field is essential. Accordingly National Council for Applied Economic Research (NCAER), New Delhi, a highly reputed national body extensively used by Government of India, Planning Commission, various Ministries of Central Government and State Governments, was asked to submit a proposal. The full Board Meeting of State Planning Board held on 9/5/2012 decided to engage National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER), New Delhi, to assist us in preparing the Perspective Plan.
In the State Planning Board, Perspective Planning Division is coordinating works related to preparation of Perspective Plan 2030 as Chief, Perspective Planning Division is the Nodal officer of the preparation of Kerala perspective Plan 2030. During the course of time, the following activities were undertaken for the preparation of PP 2030.
A workshop has been organized on 23/01/2012 at Mascot Hotel in connection with the preparation of Perspective Plan 2030 with the joint Chairmanship of Hon’ble CM and Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission. An Action Plan has been prepared and approved by Hon’ble CM for the preparation of Perspective Plan 2030.
Ten major issues of Kerala were identified by State Planning Board and approved by Chief Minister
A document on the perspective views on each development departments of Kerala have been collected and submitted to NCAER.
As part of the preparation of Perspective Plan 2030, a full day workshop has been conducted on 3rd August 2012 at IMG, Thiruvannthapram, with NCAER team and the Secretaries and Directors concerned, identified experts in Eight parallel sessions. Each session was lead by an expert coordinator from NCAER.
An interactive session with NCAER team and District Planning Officers was organized and held on 4th August, 2012.
Organized a meeting to finalise the methodology of Kerala’s Perspective Plan 2030 was held in the conference hall of State Planning Board on 11th October 2012. The meeting was chaired by Vice Chairman of State planning Board. Besides Member Secretary, State Planning Board, Principal Secretary, Finance, Members of State Planning Board, Chiefs of SPB and Senior Officials from NCAER were attended.
The first draft of the Perspective Plan 2030 has been prepared by NCAER with the involvement of all stakeholders. A three day workshop was organized and held at Thiruvananthapuram on 10-13 February 2013, where the views of experts on the draft Perspective Plan were elicited.
The first draft Perspective plan presented by NCAER team before the Committee of Secretaries was held on 14th February 2013 chaired by Chief Secretary.
In order to seek further inputs, the Chief Minister chaired a meeting of Cabinet Ministers, Chief Secretary and senior Secretaries to discuss the draft Perspective Plan. The draft Plan presented by the NCAER at the meeting, held on 6th March 2013 at the Cabinet room, Government Secretariat, Thiruvananthapuram.
NCAER team presented the draft PP 2030 followed by an interactive session. with MLAs and Students on 24/4/13 and 25/4/13 respectively. Hon’ble CM, Ministers, Vice Chairman, Deputy Leader of opposition, Members of State Planning Board were participated.
Twelve experts were identified and formed an appraisal group to scrutinize the chapters under PP 2030. This group vetted the chapters and presented their comments in the workshop organized on 11-14 June 2013 with NCAER team.
Draft Perspective Plan 2030 report put on the website on 21/10/13 after got the approval from Min.(Plg.) and CM. Advertisement in this regard published in 5 news papers viz. The Hindu, Indian Express, Manorama, Mathrubhumi, and Deshabhimani.
The NCAER Draft submitted in October 2013 and published on the web attracted the attention of academicians, politicians and general public. Comments, suggestions and criticisms were received from a cross section of people.
Perspective Planning Division scrutinized the comments received from the public (both electronically and posted) on various sectors and the consolidated major comments have been sent to CM through M(Plg.).
A separate technical discussion was organized with persons who raised major critical comments on PP 2030 document on February 11-13, 2014 by State Planning Board where the NCAER team, Vice Chairman, Members of Planning Board, Secretaries of concerned sectors, Member Secretary and the persons who made the comments were participated. The workshop further consolidated the comments and suggestions. It was agreed that NCAER will revise the draft to address the comments and submit the final revision quickly.
In order to incorporate the comments/criticisms on the draft plan at various levels received, a revision exercise was under taken by Dr. D. Narayana, Consultant at the helm with NCAER team, Members of Planning Board, Chiefs of various divisions with the overall coordination by Perspective Planning Division of State Planning Board.
Now the Kerala Perspective Plan 2030 got Cabinet approval.
The Final document will be published hopefully by June, 2015
Mission of KPP 2030
The mission is to achieve “Sustainable Economic Prosperity”. Sustainable Prosperity means prosperity for the present without compromising the prosperity of future generations. Four dimensions of this prosperity are: economic, human, social and environmental.
Economic prosperity: With the aim of achieving the high income status equivalent to Nordic countries by 2040, Kerala will achieve the standards of a high middle income country by 2030.
Human prosperity: Quality of life will be shaped by access to, and quality and affordability of services namely, health, education, and effective and clean governance.
Social prosperity: Equal opportunity for every person residing in Kerala irrespective of gender, caste and origin for intellectual, personal and professional growth.
Green prosperity: Preserve the natural wealth of Kerala for future generations.
Vision in terms of Measurable Indicators
In order to assess progress and facilitate meaningful discussions on a vision for Kerala 2030, a series of indicators have been identified. These include economic prosperity, quality of life, equitable society and environmental sustainability.
To achieve a compound annual growth rate of 7.5 per cent in GSDP per capita for the next 20 years
Increase per capita income from the current US$ 4,763 (in terms of purchasing power parity of 2005) to US$19,000 by 2030,and then to US$36,000 by 2040
Achieve sectoral growth rates of:
A minimum 2 per cent growth in agriculture
9 per cent in manufacturing
9 per cent in construction
7.5 per cent in communication
10 per cent in the education and health sectors
Quality of life
Increase the share of the education and health sectors in GSDP to 15 per cent from the current 11 per cent by 2030
Increase the enrolment ratio in higher education to 48 per cent by 2030
Create health security for all
Move Kerala to the highest category of the UNDP human development index
Achieve high standards of living with a focus on:
The growth of smart urban and rural areas
Transforming Kochi into a global city.
Unemployment rate from 9.9 per cent in 2011−12 to 2 per cent in 2031 (reduce the female unemployment rate from 26.2 per cent to 5 per cent)
Gini coefficient of economic inequality from around 45 per cent in 2009−10 to 23 per cent in 2031
Poverty rate from 7.1 per cent in 2011−12 to 1 per cent in 2031
Maintaining a culturally diverse, safe and just society
Upgrade ecosystems, biodiversity and resources through sustainable production systems and consumption
Conserve the World Heritage bio-diversity of the Western Ghats
Increase energy efficiency to save 10 per cent of Kerala’s energy and water consumption by 2030
Recycle between 60 and75 per cent of waste generated depending on the type of waste
Identify and maximise the use of sustainable resources
1. Framework and Organisation of the Perspective Plan
The framework for the development of the Kerala Perspective Plan 2030 has been conceived in terms of innovation-embracing entrepreneurship at the centre of the economy with eight pillars of institutional elements viz. infrastructure, health and primary education, quality of higher education, labour market efficiency, development of financial sector, technological readiness, innovation etc. built on the foundational elements of environmental sustainability and social sustainability.
The approach of the KPP 2030 is to build on our achievements, discuss the challenges faced by the State in a globalising economy and think up strategies to achieve the goals. The document is organised into four volumes comprising of 24 chapters (see table below), which elaborate on four interconnected themes that together constitute its central tenet of balancing economic prosperity, social inclusion and environmental stewardship.
Encouraging Entrepreneurship in Production Sectors
1. Going Forward: Opportunity and Challenges
2. The Strategic Framework
3. Sustainable Tourism,
4. ICT: Strategic Lever for building a knowledge economy
5.Institutions and innovation s for sustainable Agricultural growth,
6. Animal Husbandry and Dairy: Live stock for better lives
7. Fisheries: building a sustainable future
9. Traditional Industries
Key Bases of Knowledge Economy
10.Education Strategy: Learning beyond Schooling
11.Science, Technology and Innovation: A New Strategy
12.Powering the Knowledge Economy Through Entrepreneurship
13.Land, Labour and Capital in Kerala's Journey to Sustainable Prosperity,
14. Diaspora and Migration Policy,
Entrepreneurialism and Environmental Sustainability
15. Urban and rural development strategy: State
16. Sustainable Transport Strategy 2030
17. Mainstreaming Environment
18. Power 2030
19.Water Sustainability: Recover, Recycle and reuse
21. Towards Healthy Living: Kerala can do it
22. Socially Vulnerable Groups
Volume I begins with an analysis of the growth of the economy, identifies growth drivers and dynamism of enterprises in different sectors and then goes on to discuss strategies needed to spur entrepreneurial drive. Seven material production sectors are taken up for detailed analysis to ascertain the nature of entrepreneurial activity, the evolution of the policy environment and the challenges faced by them in each of the sectors. Volume II takes up the eight pillars of entrepreneurial activity, except some like health that are more foundational which are taken up in the social sustainability volume (Volume IV) and some like infrastructure that go into the environmental sustainability volume (Volume III).
The Perspective Plan requires from all of us (Government, private sector, civil society, as well as individuals) a determined effort to concentrate on resolving, not just addressing, very important State level problems. This document: Perspective Plan 2030, presents a clear view of the major State problems and how these problems can be effectively resolved by deploying the potential and human and natural resources.
This is the first time that any State Government has taken up such a task. The document was prepared based on extensive consultations of stakeholders like Experts, Officials, MLAs, Students community, NGOs, General Public etc. Now the Plan has been approved by the State Government and it has to be implemented through the next four Five Year Plans. The success of the Perspective Plan depends on commitment not only of successive governments at the State level and local government level but also on the support we receive from the Union Government in achieving the goals.