Higher Secondary courses were introduced in the State during 1990-91 to reorganize the secondary level of education in accordance with National Education Policy. There were 2073 Higher Secondary Schools in 2016 in the State. Out of these 833 (40.18 per cent) are Government schools, 854 (41.2 per cent) are Aided schools and the remaining 386 (18.62 per cent) are Unaided and technical schools. Among the districts, Malappuram has the largest number of Higher Secondary Schools (248) in the State followed by Ernakulam (209) and Thrissur (204) respectively.
There are 7248 batches of higher secondary classes in 2016. The enrolment in Higher Secondary Schools was 383,582. Kozhikode has the largest number of batches (1051) with an enrolment capacity of 55914 students. District wise/Management-wise number of Higher Secondary Schools and number of batches are given in Appendix 4.17 and district wise enrolment of students in Higher Secondary Schools are given in Appendix 4.18.
The pass percentage of students in higher secondary courses decreased to 73.18 per cent in 2015-16 from 74.19 per cent in 2014-15. During 2016, 10,391 students secured A+ for all subjects and 317,887 students were eligible for higher studies. The details are given in Appendix 4.19 and Appendix 4.20. The pass percentage of SC and ST students in Higher Secondary schools also decreased in 2015-16 compared to 2014-15. The pass percentage of SC students decreased from 60.84 per cent to 57.77 per cent and ST students from 61.39 per cent to 58.12 per cent during 2015-16. Details are given in Appendix 4.21 and Appendix 4.22.