Infrastructure is a key driver of the overall development of the economy. This chapter focuses on major infrastructure sectors such as road, road transport, water transport, ports, energy, urban infrastructure, communication and sports. The changing infrastructure landscape in the State has generated significant interest from external investors. The chapter deals with various Government plans, programmes andpolicies aimed at improving the overall State infrastructure. Infrastructure is to be created through the Plan and by means of the Kerala Infrastructure Investment Fund Board (KIIFB), an important innovative institution. KIIFB seeks to raise funds for pro-people public investment, concentrating on projects that are important for equitable growth. the recent thrust and focus on infratsructure needs to be continued with vigour in order to stimulate economic growth and social prosperity, in Kerala.