Kollam district was initially formed on July 1, 1949. On November 1, 1956, it became a district of newly formed Kerala State. In 1957, Cherthala, Ambalapuzha, Mavelikkara, Karthikappally, Chengannur and Thiruvalla taluks of Kollam district were carved out to form Alappuzha district. In 1982, nine villages of Kunnathur taluk of the district were merged into Pathanamthitta. The latitude and longitude of Kollam district are 8.99o N and 76.87o E respectively. The district boundaries are Alappuzha district in the north, Pathanamthitta district in the north-east, Tirunelveli in the east, Thiruvananthapuram district in the south, and Arabian Sea in the west.
|Population||26,35,375 (2011 census)|
|Density of Population(sq.km)||1061|
|Total literacy||94.09 per cent|
|Male||96.09 per cent|
|Female||92.31 per cent|
|Per Capita Income||Rs1,43,638|
|Birth rate||8.73 per cent|
|Mortality rate||5.04 per cent|
|Infant mortality rate||6.44|
|Life expectancy rate – Male||70|
|Life expectancy rate – Female||74|
Kollam district is divided into two revenue divisions having three taluks each under them comprising of 104 villages.
Local Self Government Institutions
|Type of Local Bodies||No|
Kollam district is situated on the south west coast of Kerala. The district has an area of 2,491 sq.km which is about 6.48 per cent of the total area of the State. The coastal length of the district constitutes 37.84 km. One third of the total area of the district is forest area. On geographical basis, district can be divided into three regions – high land, mid land and lowland. Karunagapally taluk and Kollam taluk partially stretches in the mid and low land regions. Kunnathur and Kottarakkara taluks completely lie in the mid land region whereas Pathanapuram and Punalur taluk lie in the high land region.
Kollam (erstwhile Quilon), one of the oldest sea port towns of Kerala, has a long history of commerce from the days of Phoenicians and the Romans. Chinese settlements flourished in Kollam during the reign of Desinganadu Rajas. The Portuguese were the first Europeans to establish a trading centre at Kollam in 1502 followed by the Dutch (1661) and the British in 1795.
Out of the total geographical area of 2,48,788 hectares, forest occupies 81,438 hectares and total cropped area is 141576 hectares. The following are the important crops grown in the district.
|2||Coconut||45309||265 milion nuts|
Source: District Plan -2018
Note: T-Tonnes; MT-Metric Tonnes
The district has a coastline of 37.8 km and 27 Marine fishing villages and 26 inland fishing villages. Kollam district has a fisherfolk population of 129,314 of which 94,419 are marine fisherfolk and 34895 constitute inland fisherfolk.
|1||No. of active fish workers||19561|
|2||Workers engaged in fisheries related actives||16092|
|3||No of fish retail markets||146|
|4||No of fish whole sale markets||10|
|5||Fish landing centres||25|
Kollam is immensely rich in mineral resources. The beach sands of the district have concentration of minerals like ilmenite, monosite and bauxites and has lime shell deposits in Ashtamudi lake. Kollam is famous for cashew industries. There are several cashew processing units in the districts. The Kerala State Cashew Development Corporation Ltd., a Government of Kerala undertaking has its head quarters in Kollam and serves as the nodal agency for cashew processing industry. Another government organisation in this field is CAPEX, which is part of the co-operative sector. Out of 151 cashew factories in the district, 27 are under KSCDC and 10 under CAPEX.
Major Industries / Industrial Firms
- Technopark, Kundara
- Kerala Minerals and Metals Ltd, Chavara
- Indian Rare Earth Ltd, Chavara
- United Electricals Kerala
- Kerala Electrical and Allied engineering Ltd, Kundara
- Kerala Ceramics, Kundara
- Co-operative Spinning Mill, Chathanoor
- Kerala Feeds, Karunagapally
The district is connected to other parts of Kerala and India through State Highways National Highways (NH66, NH183, and NH744), village roads and rail network.
|Achencovil River||72 km|
|Kallada River||120 km|
|Ithikara River||56 km|
|Lakes||Sasthamkotta fresh water lake||3.73 sq.km|
|Ashtamudi Lake||61.42 sq. km|
|Paravur Lake||6.62 sq.km|
Source: District Plan -2018.
Members of Parliament
District has three Lok Sabha Constituencies comprising of 11 Assembly Constituencies.
|Sl No||Lok Sabha||Elected Representatives||Assembly Constituencies|
|1||Kollam||Sri NK Premachandran||Chavara|
|2||Mavelikkara||Sri Kodikunnil Suresh||Kunnathur|
|3||Alappuzha||Adv A M Ariff||Karunagappally|
Legislative Assembly Constituencies and representatives
|SlNo||LAC No.||LAC Name||Elected Representatives|
|1||116||Karunagapally||Sri R Ramachandran|
|3||118||Kunnathur||Sri Kovoor Kunjumon|
|4||119||Kottarakkara||Smt P Aisha Potty|
|5||120||Pathanapuram||Sri K B Ganesh Kumar|
|6||121||Punalur||Sri K Raju|
|7||122||Chadayamangalam||Sri Mullakkara Ratnakaran|
|8||123||Kundara||Smt Mercikutty Amma (Minister for Fisheries and Cashew Development)|
|9||124||Kollam||Sri M Mukesh|
|10||125||Eravipuram||Sri M Noushad|
|11||126||Chathannoor||Sri GS Jayalal|
Along with the establishment of a pre-school in Thiruvananthapuram in 1834, a district school was started in Kollam. English education in the district was initiated with the establishment of Mount Carmel Anglo-Indian Girls School in Thangassery in July 1885.
|Type of Educational Institution||No of Schools|
|Upper Primary School||66||133||26||225|
|Vocational Higher Secondary||20||32||52|
|Type of Educational Institution||Government||Aided||Unaided||Total|
|Arts and Science College||2||12||14|
Source: District Plan -2018
Health institutions in the district
|2||Mother and Child District Hospital||1||273|
|3||Taluk Head Quarter Hospital||4||690|
|5||District TB Centre||1||1|
|15||Ayush PHC Sidha||3|
Source: District Plan-2018 and Health at a glance 2018 by DHS