District Profile

Kollam district was initially formed on July 1, 1949. On November 1, 1956, it became a district of newly formed Kerala State. In 1957, Cherthala, Ambalapuzha, Mavelikkara, Karthikappally, Chengannur and Thiruvalla taluks of Kollam district were carved out to form Alappuzha district. In 1982, nine villages of Kunnathur taluk of the district were merged into Pathanamthitta. The latitude and longitude of Kollam district are 8.99o N and 76.87o E respectively. The district boundaries are Alappuzha district in the north, Pathanamthitta district in the north-east, Tirunelveli in the east, Thiruvananthapuram district in the south, and Arabian Sea in the west.


Description Census 2011
Population 26,35,375 (2011 census)
Male 12,46,968
Female 13,88,407
Density of Population(sq.km) 1061
Sex Ratio 1113
Total literacy 94.09 per cent
Male 96.09 per cent
Female 92.31 per cent
Per Capita Income Rs1,43,638
Birth rate 8.73 per cent
Mortality rate 5.04 per cent
Infant mortality rate 6.44
Life expectancy rate – Male 70
Life expectancy rate – Female 74


Kollam district is divided into two revenue divisions having three taluks each under them comprising of 104 villages.

Revenue Division Taluks
  1. Kollam
  1. Karunagapally
  1. Kunnathur
  1. Punalur
  1. Kottarakara
  1. Pathanapuram

Local Self Government Institutions

Type of Local Bodies No
Grama Panchayat 68
Block Panchayat 11
District Panchayat 1
Municipalities 4
Corporation 1
Total 85


Kollam district is situated on the south west coast of Kerala. The district has an area of 2,491 sq.km which is about 6.48 per cent of the total area of the State. The coastal length of the district constitutes 37.84 km. One third of the total area of the district is forest area. On geographical basis, district can be divided into three regions – high land, mid land and lowland. Karunagapally taluk and Kollam taluk partially stretches in the mid and low land regions. Kunnathur and Kottarakkara taluks completely lie in the mid land region whereas Pathanapuram and Punalur taluk lie in the high land region.

Brief History

Kollam (erstwhile Quilon), one of the oldest sea port towns of Kerala, has a long history of commerce from the days of Phoenicians and the Romans. Chinese settlements flourished in Kollam during the reign of Desinganadu Rajas. The Portuguese were the first Europeans to establish a trading centre at Kollam in 1502 followed by the Dutch (1661) and the British in 1795.

Agriculture Sector

Out of the total geographical area of 2,48,788 hectares, forest occupies 81,438 hectares and total cropped area is 141576 hectares. The following are the important crops grown in the district.

Sl.No Crops Area (hectares) Production
1 Paddy 2979 6487 T
2 Coconut 45309 265 milion nuts
3 Banana 11440 89103 T
4 Vegetables 3065 25286 T
5 Tapioca 15147 439194 T
6 Pepper 3220 539 T
7 Cashew 1304 1005 MT
8 Rubber 35316 52817 T
9 Sesame 420 168 T
10 Arecanut 1327 779 T

Source: District Plan -2018
Note: T-Tonnes; MT-Metric Tonnes

Fisheries Sector

The district has a coastline of 37.8 km and 27 Marine fishing villages and 26 inland fishing villages. Kollam district has a fisherfolk population of 129,314 of which 94,419 are marine fisherfolk and 34895 constitute inland fisherfolk.

Sl.No Item No.
1 No. of active fish workers 19561
2 Workers engaged in fisheries related actives 16092
3 No of fish retail markets 146
4 No of fish whole sale markets 10
5 Fish landing centres 25
6 Harbours 4

Industry Sector

Kollam is immensely rich in mineral resources. The beach sands of the district have concentration of minerals like ilmenite, monosite and bauxites and has lime shell deposits in Ashtamudi lake. Kollam is famous for cashew industries. There are several cashew processing units in the districts. The Kerala State Cashew Development Corporation Ltd., a Government of Kerala undertaking has its head quarters in Kollam and serves as the nodal agency for cashew processing industry. Another government organisation in this field is CAPEX, which is part of the co-operative sector. Out of 151 cashew factories in the district, 27 are under KSCDC and 10 under CAPEX.

Major Industries / Industrial Firms

  • Technopark, Kundara
  • Kerala Minerals and Metals Ltd, Chavara
  • Indian Rare Earth Ltd, Chavara
  • United Electricals Kerala
  • Kerala Electrical and Allied engineering Ltd, Kundara
  • Kerala Ceramics, Kundara
  • Co-operative Spinning Mill, Chathanoor
  • Kerala Feeds, Karunagapally

Transport Sector

The district is connected to other parts of Kerala and India through State Highways National Highways (NH66, NH183, and NH744), village roads and rail network.

Water bodies

Type Name Length

Achencovil River 72 km
Kallada River 120 km
Ithikara River 56 km
Lakes Sasthamkotta fresh water lake 3.73 sq.km
Ashtamudi Lake 61.42 sq. km
Paravur Lake 6.62 sq.km

Source: District Plan -2018.

Members of Parliament

District has three Lok Sabha Constituencies comprising of 11 Assembly Constituencies.

Sl No Lok Sabha Elected Representatives Assembly Constituencies
1 Kollam Sri NK Premachandran Chavara
2 Mavelikkara Sri Kodikunnil Suresh Kunnathur
3 Alappuzha Adv A M Ariff Karunagappally

Legislative Assembly Constituencies and representatives

SlNo LAC No. LAC Name Elected Representatives
1 116 Karunagapally Sri R Ramachandran
2 117 Chavara -
3 118 Kunnathur Sri Kovoor Kunjumon
4 119 Kottarakkara Smt P Aisha Potty
5 120 Pathanapuram Sri K B Ganesh Kumar
6 121 Punalur Sri K Raju
7 122 Chadayamangalam Sri Mullakkara Ratnakaran
8 123 Kundara Smt Mercikutty Amma (Minister for Fisheries and Cashew Development)
9 124 Kollam Sri M Mukesh
10 125 Eravipuram Sri M Noushad
11 126 Chathannoor Sri GS Jayalal

Education Sector

Along with the establishment of a pre-school in Thiruvananthapuram in 1834, a district school was started in Kollam. English education in the district was initiated with the establishment of Mount Carmel Anglo-Indian Girls School in Thangassery in July 1885.

Type of Educational Institution No of Schools
Government Aided Unaided Total
Primary School 275 180 44 449
Upper Primary School 66 133 26 225
High School 88 127 17 232
Technical school 2     2
Higher secondary 67 55 20 142
Vocational Higher Secondary 20 32   52
Kendriya Vidyalaya       1
Navodaya       1
CBSE       35
ICSE       18
JECSE       1
Residential school       1

Higher Education

Type of Educational Institution Government Aided Unaided Total
Engineering College   5 12 17
Medical College 1   4 5
ITI 8   52 60
Polytechnic 3 1   4
Fashion Technology     2 2
MCA     5 5
Arts and Science College 2 12   14
TTI 9      

Source: District Plan -2018

Health institutions in the district

Sl.No Institutions Sector
Allopathy Bed Strength Ayurveda Homoeo
1 District Hospital 1 539 1 1
2 Mother and Child District Hospital 1 273    
3 Taluk Head Quarter Hospital 4 690    
4 Taluk Hospitals 4 249    
5 District TB Centre 1 1    
6 TB Hospital 1 50    
7 Hospitals     8  
8 CHCs 17 443    
9 PHCs 52 32    
10 24x7 PHC 6 114    
11 Sub centres 421      
12 Dispensaries     59  
13 Dispensaries(NHM)       33
14 Ayush PHC     18  
15 Ayush PHC Sidha     3  

Source: District Plan-2018 and Health at a glance 2018 by DHS

Smt P J Amina

District Planning officer,